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The Explanation of The Book of Fasting from ‘Umdatul ‘Aḥkām - Lesson 03 by Shaykh 'Arafāt al-Muḥammadī

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Speaker: Shaykh 'Arafaat al-Muhammady الشيخ د.عرفات المحمدي

Country of Speaker: Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية

Category:  Ramadhaan رمضان

Download / Listen   تحميل / استماع - Lesson 03 - 10.05.2018

  • Ḥadīth 184: Jābir ibn ‘Abdullāh said ‘Allāh’s Messenger While Travelling On One of His Journeys Saw A Man That Was Being Shaded & He Asked What Is This? And They said ‘He Is Fasting’. Allāh’s Messenger said ‘It Is Not From Piety To Fast While Travelling’ (Bukharī & Muslim). In An Additional Wording of Muslim It Says ‘Upon You Is To Take The Concession Which Allāh Has Granted You’
    • The Permissibility To Break Fast While Travelling In The Month of Ramaḍān
    • *The Difference of Opinions With The Scholars Regarding Fasting While Travelling In The Month of Ramaḍān
  • Ḥadīth 185: Anas bin Mālik said ‘We Were Travelling With Allāh’s Messenger Some of Us Were Fasting And Some of Us Were Breaking Fast. And We Stopped To Rest And The Day Was Extremely Hot. And The Person Amongst Us That Had Most Shade Was The One Who Had A Cloth & Others Were Protecting Themselves From Sun By Placing Their Hands On Their Heads. And The Fasting Person Fell Down & The One’s Breaking Fast Stood Up, & They Pitched Up The Tents & Gave The Camels Drink. And The Allāh’s Messenger said ‘Those Breaking Fast Had Taken Away The Blessings’ (Bukharī & Muslim).
    • The Prophet’s Approval of Both The Fasting Person & The One Breaking Fast
    • One Takes What Is Easiest Upon Him
    • Clarification of The Incorrect Statement Made by Ibn Ḥazm
  • Ḥadīth 186: ʿĀʾaisha Narrated ‘I Used To Have Fast To Make Up From Ramaḍān & I Would Not Be Able To Make It Up Expect In Sha’bān . (Bukharī & Muslim).
    • The Permissibility To Delay Making Up One’s Missed Fast From Ramaḍān Until Sha’bān
    • The Preferability In Hastening Making Up One’s Fast As Soon As Possible
    • The Expiation To Be Given If One Purposely Delays Making Up One’s Missed Ramaḍān Fast Till The New Ramaḍān
  • Ḥadīth 187: ʿĀʾaisha Narrated The Messenger said ‘Whoever Dies & Has Fasting Upon Him, Then His Heirs Is To Fast For Him’ (Muslim). Abū Dāwud Reported It And Said: ‘This Is As It Relates To A Vow’ And Is The Statement of Imām Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal
    • The Difference of Opinions Regarding Making Up One’s Relatives Obligatory Fasts
  • Ḥadīth 188: ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Abbās said ‘A Man Came To The Messenger of Allāh And said ‘O Messenger of Allāh , My Mother Has Died And She Had A Month of Fasting. Shall I Fast On Her Behalf? The Messenger replied ‘If Your Mother Had A Debt Would You Pay It Upon Her Behalf’. The Man said ‘Yes’. The Messenger said ‘ The Debt of Allāh Is More Deserving’ (Bukharī & Muslim). In Another Narration In Muslim ‘ A Woman Came To The Messenger And Said ‘O Messenger of Allāh ‘ My Mother Has Died & She Has Vowed To Fast. Shall I Fast On Her Behalf? The Messenger said ‘What Would You Do If Your Mother Had A Debt, Wouldn’t You Pay It On Her Behalf? She said ‘Yes’. So The Messenger said ‘Fast On Her Behalf’
    • The Permissibility of Fasting A Vow’s Fast For One’s Relative After Their Death • The Verdicts Given By The Companions Regarding Making Up A Vow’s Fast For One’s Relative After Their Death


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